How to care for Persian/Oriental Rugs
The Oriental and Persian rugs are the heavy textile or fabric made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purpose. They are known for their rich and luxurious designs which are generally used for decoration.
Oriental rugs are made in the area referred to as the “Rug Belt.” The area stretches from Morocco across North Africa, the Middle East, and into Central Asia and northern India, while Persian rugs are endemic to Iran.
Although the produce and quality of both Persian and oriental rugs are the same, the only significant difference between a Persian rug and an Oriental rug is the location where the rug was constructed. An Oriental rug will generally be hand-knotted only out of wool or silk.
Cleaning the Persian and Oriental Rugs
Carpet or rug cleaning is essential for maintaining the appearance of the material and to remove stains, dirt, and allergens. The most used carpet cleaning methods are Hot Water Extraction and Dry Cleaning. The type of cleaning also depends on the type of stain, the type of carpet/fabric, and types of cleaning equipment.
Deep cleaning for the oriental and Persian rugs should be done once a year. Most carpet cleaners may charge the rug cleaning by size. The average cost is $2-$5 per square foot, which means a standard 8'x10' rug would cost $160-$400 to clean.
The precaution for the particular carpet is generally provided in rug label. You should lift the corners of your rug to reveal rug label. It will have instructions on the safest use of the rugs and safe way to clean them. The oriental rugs are made of silk, wool, cotton, or synthetic material and each requires minute attention when cleaning.
Cotton and wool rugs are more durable and can easily be cleaned. If you own a silk rug, you should strictly consider taking it to a professional instead of cleaning it yourself.
Vacuum the carpet regularly
You should consider vacuuming your rugs at least once a week to remove the debris and loose dirt. Regular vacuuming also prevents the wool fibers in your rug from tangling. Note: Never vacuum antique or silk oriental rugs consistently as it can damage the sensitive fiber.
Keep away from direct sunlight
The UV and heat from the direct sunlight can do a lot of damage to the Oriental and Persian rugs. Consider keeping them away from windows and open areas as much as you can. Keeping an oriental rug in the sun will cause the colors to fade faster.
Test to see if the rug is colorfast
Some carpets are colorfast and wouldn’t bleed color when wet. If your rug's label reads "Dry Clean Only," you can be sure that the rug is not colorfast. If you wish to test your rug, saturate a small corner of the carpet with room temperature water and press on it with a clean white cloth. If dye is present in your rug, your carpet is likely to bleed when cleaned.
If you need to deep clean your rug that is not colorfast, you should consider bringing it to the professional cleaners.
Move your furniture regularly
Heavy pieces of furniture that sit on top of your rug can deteriorate the carpet over time. The heavy footing and weight work down the fibers and damage the rug over time. To prevent this, you can consider rearranging your furniture every six months to even out the wear and tear.